In some cases, the venom contributes to the digestion of the prey, as in rattlesnakes and some spiders.
Sexual predator web search
For example, the growing meristems of grasses are not at the tips as they are in most flowering plants, but at the base of the leaves.
Similarly, kelp is grazed in subtidal kelp forests, but continuously regrows at the base of the blade.
It could also constitute a chase, stalking, or attack of prey.
Thus predation is often, though not always, carnivory.
Note: this offender cannot reside within 1,000 feet of any child care facility, school, or area where minors congregate (DOES NOT INCLUDE CHURCHES, SWIMMING POOLS, LIBRARY).
Predators may or may not kill their prey prior to feeding on it, but the act of predation often results in the death of the prey and the eventual absorption of the prey's tissue through digestion.
Selective pressures (coevolution) imposed on one another often leads to an evolutionary arms race between prey and predator, resulting in various antipredator adaptations.
Ways of classifying predation include grouping by trophic level or diet, by specialization, and by the predator's interaction with prey. Two factors are considered here: how close the predator and prey (or host) are, and whether the prey is directly killed by the predator, where true predation and parasitoidism involve certain death.
Some predators kill large prey and dismember or chew it prior to eating it, such as a jaguar or a human; others may eat their prey whole, as does a bottlenose dolphin swallowing a fish, or a stork swallowing a frog.
Some predation entails venom that subdues a prey before the predator ingests it, as in the box jellyfish, or disables it, as in the cone shell.
Other categories of consumption are herbivory (eating parts of plants), fungivory (eating parts of fungi), and detritivory (the consumption of dead organic material). For example, some parasites prey on their host and then lay their eggs on it, for their offspring to feed on it while it continues to live, or on its decaying corpse after it has died.